The announcement of a new justice summit for March 2022 with the aim of reforming this system has been described as distracting by analysts and politicians, “another announcement that is being made and which will again be a meeting of friends of the ruling party”. , You agreed.
There is no political will to change the Bolivian judiciary because the Movement Towards Socialism (MAS) government should leave it as it is, functional, the analysts concluded.
Various authorities and specialists, including from parts of the ruling party, point out that the Bolivian judiciary has numerous problems, but the most important of these could be summarized in the need to improve the quality and quantity of judicial officers in order to give these officials independence who have the ability to act only on what the law and their conscience say, reduce the delay in the judiciary and, among other things, increase the judiciary’s budget.
“We are going to a third summit and the previous history shows the ‘little significance of these events’ not only in the agenda, but also in their composition, they are state or semi-state structures, so much so that at the second summit in 2016 institutions” academics like CEUB and the National Bar Association canceled the event because they had no space to adequately attend. It was known that the documents had already been drawn up, as had the conclusions, as these representatives said that everything was cooked, “said the lawyer, former lawmaker and former mayor of La Paz Juan del Granado, referring to the second summit, he carried out the ruling MAS in Sucre in June 2016.
Del Granado recalled that Justice Minister Iván Lima had proposed constitutional reforms at least four times during Luis Arce Catacora’s tenure, but without success.
“The Justice Minister began with great enthusiasm an approach to judicial reform, constitutional reform, so much so that he formed a commission of respected lawyers to prepare the proposal, which was diluted in days or weeks, then came another proposal for administrative reform of the judicial process and finally, in September, he made a third proposal, speaking of six axes that do not point to the underlying problem, so that in the choice of chief judges, which we think there is in the way of the judicial organ is presented, ”he said.
Former judge and lawyer Marco Antonio Baldivieso pointed out the urgent need for reform as the judiciary is administered by politicians.
“We are in the hands of the politicians, we are no longer in the hands of the judges, they decide our fate, the citizens. That cannot be in the rule of law, ”he said.
Citizen Community (CC) MP Alejandro Reyes described the announcement of a new justice summit as a “false wish” of the MAS ruler because there was no will to change justice.
“It’s another scam by this government trying to distract with these types of invitations when in reality they don’t care, they are not interested in changing the functioning of the judiciary and they want it to stay that way in order to continue . ” with the political persecution that it has nothing to do with, ”he said.
In its final report last Friday, the United Nations Committee against Torture (CAT) sharply criticized Bolivia, among other things, for its not completely independent judicial system.
Two previous summits have yielded no results
To date, the ruling party Movement to Socialism (MAS) has held two justice summits, but these have now come to nothing.
On July 25, 2013, the National Justice Summit took place in Sucre. The then Justice Minister Cecilia Ayllón described the event as a total “failure” because the real problems were not analyzed in the courts.
“We regret once again that valuable days had to be wasted on a justice diagnosis that has been known for many years. It is regrettable that the conclusions do not show us the reality of justice and that we continue in the same speech with no result, ”the former minister said on the occasion.
From June 10th to 11th, 2016, also in Sucre, the National Justice Summit “To Live Well” took place, at which six pillars were established: mode of election of judges, access to justice, postponement of justice, corruption, criminal policy, Education and training of judges.
More than 100 conclusions came out and had to be implemented by a commission, and in February 2017 the law on the commission to follow up the conclusions of the Judiciary Summit was promulgated, but the judicial reform mentioned above never made any progress.
“We have little hope that judicial reform will be promoted at government and state level,” says former lawmaker Juan del Granado.
Deputy at organizations
Chamber of Deputies President Freddy Mamani announced that social organizations and institutions will be convened to determine aspects of the judicial summit announced for 2022.
“We will take an active part in this process, we also want to invite social organizations, there will be preparatory meetings for the great justice summit and we have to invite all social organizations (…) so that we can work on it in a consensual manner and that these decisions are us can help them work out some regulations to reform the judiciary, ”he continued.