After presenting the report of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI), President Luis Arce cited part of the document yesterday and concluded that what happened in October and November 2019 was a “coup”, even though minutes before the die An expert at the international organization, Patricia Tappatá, made it clear that the aim of the investigation was not to determine whether it was election fraud or a “coup”.
“The GIEI did not come to determine whether the problems related to the electoral process were fraud or a coup. It also ignored recent complaints about the involvement of other states in the provision of weapons that would have been used to suppress the conflict, as these three issues are not part of the mandate we have been given, ”said Tappatá.
Meanwhile, Arce read part of the report referring to the moment when Jeanine Áñez “proclaimed herself” in a session of the Senate without a quorum, later the same thing happened in the plenary chamber of the Legislative Assembly, and later in the government palace, to receive the band and the president’s baton from a military man.
“If this is not a coup, what evidence can we ask for?” Said Arce in his speech after receiving the GIEI report on the events of political violence in 2019.
The report has raised high expectations in recent days as the government insisted that this document would prove that there had been “massacres” and “coups”.
Although the document concludes that the events in Sacaba and Senkata were massacres and that the repressive forces used “lethal weapons”, it also states that there were victims on both sides throughout the process, politically faced.
“You have to recognize that there are victims on both sides of the political spectrum and that the situation of each individual requires everyone to recognize his or her victim status. A process of recomposing the social fabric is inconceivable without abandoning the notion that the victims are those of our political identity, while those identified with the opponent are less or do not require attention ”, is one of the conclusions.
Following the publication of the GIEI document, the Comunidad Ciudadana (CC), Creemos and the Committee for the Defense of Democracy (Conade) issued a joint five-point statement assuring that “the report confirms that the main causes of The 2019 Violent Crisis is the deinstitutionalization of the state and the acute polarization caused by Evo Morales and his staff to stay in power indefinitely while violating the CPE, 21F referendum and democracy.
She also claims cases of human rights violations go unpunished and “could be politicized through selective law enforcement and justice” if the amnesty and discriminatory pardon of President Luis Arce and the arbitration dismissal of Attorney General Juan. announced election fraud case Lanchipa.
In his speech, the President promised to carry out a casualty count and to demand “full redress” for those who were violated in their rights in 2019. He will also repeal Supreme Decree 4461.
The decree refers to the amnesty granted to all defendants affiliated with the Movement for Socialism (MAS) indicted in the government of Jeanine Áñez.
Arce reiterated that the investigation will help identify those responsible and announced that the state will follow the agency’s recommendations.
The US is calling for due process to be followed
The executive director of the US Embassy in Bolivia, Charisse Phillips, yesterday called for justice for the deaths that have occurred in the country, but within the framework of the rule of law and due process.
“We show solidarity with the victims of the tragedies of 2019. Justice must prevail for them and their families and those responsible must be held accountable. But any legal accusation must be made within the framework of the rule of law and following due process, ”said a post on Twitter.
Almagro: There is a criminal court matter
The Secretary-General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro, considered that the report of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) regarding the Bolivian events in 2019 contained “important elements” that needed to be referred to the International Court of Justice Criminal Court (ICC) and International Court of Justice (ICJ).
“We have taken note of the publication of the #GIEI Bolivia report. Without prejudice to an analysis in the coming days, we are of the opinion that it contains important elements that need to be presented to the ICC and the ICJ, ”said a publication on Twitter.
In one of its conclusions, the panel of experts found that there had been “serious human rights violations” between September and December 2019 and pointed out that the state was responsible for the actions of “state agents and individuals”.
The document also states that “there are victims on both sides of the political spectrum” and therefore all should be recognized as victims.
During Jeanine Áñez’s tenure, following the forced resignation of Evo Morales, mobilizations took place in Senkata, El Alto, and Sacaba, Cochabamba, killing around 37 people and injuring hundreds.
The report also found that the combined operations by police and armed forces had involved “excessive use of force”.
At that time, Almagro viewed what was happening in these places as a “massacre”.