While the government and the Movement to Socialism (MAS) insist that there has been a “coup d’état” in Bolivia, reiterating part of the report by the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) that admits massacres in Sacaba and Senkata, votes who seek to consolidate judicial reform in the country as recommended by the international organization.
Opponents, political leaders, the judicial authority itself, citizen platforms and other sectors all agree on the urgency of rebuilding the judiciary administration in Bolivia, which the GIEI identified as causing the 2019 crisis.
“The GIEI notes that in various cases investigated, the judicial institutions have acted without independence and initiated legal proceedings with obvious objectives of political persecution in the research hypothesis, i.e. the one that was adopted as the basis for the prison,” the report said.
He also mentions other shortcomings such as the instrumentalisation of the judiciary for political purposes, the abuse of preventive detention and obstacles to the right to truth and justice.
Former President Carlos Mesa, Leader of the Civic Community (CC), urged President Luis Arce not to read the GIEI report “biased” and called for the executive to have “political will” to change the judiciary.
“I urge President Arce not to take a biased reading and that, just as he urges the legislature to take the initiative in assessing responsibilities, I ask the executive for political will, the judicial authorities and the public ministry to change “, he said.
For his part, the President of the Supreme Court of Justice (TSJ), Ricardo Torres, has committed the work to reform the judiciary based on the recommendations of the GIEI.
“Many of the recommendations in this report have been taken up by the judiciary and we are ready to work on a profound judicial reform that is obviously accompanied and coordinated as the constitution provides with the executive and legislative assembly,” he said.
For his part, Justice Minister Iván Lima reported that after the GIEI has presented its report to the TSJ and the State Ministry, the two institutions will be convening the two institutions to agree on the steps to be followed in order to achieve real judicial reform.
“It is a comprehensive report, it would be worthwhile not to contaminate it with political issues. (…). This report can serve the country to calm down and keep track of the processes being carried out, ”said Torres.
The lawyer, analyst and former mayor of La Paz, Juan del Granado, confirmed that the agency and the submission had “metastasized in the judicial authority” and called for a change of authority in the judicial process.
He added that “we cannot expect anything from the state and government” to carry out judicial reform, as Justice Minister Iván Lima’s idea and initiative has been “abandoned”.
MAS: Áñez rules “de facto”
Former President Evo Morales, ministers, deputy ministers and members of the Assembly of the Movement for Socialism (MAS) insisted that there had been a “coup d’état” in Bolivia in October and November 2019, citing the report of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI ). however, the members of this body made it clear that it was not their aim to establish this fact.
Morales said yesterday that the report submitted by the GIEI “shows that there was a coup”.
“When (the report) literally said that there was no quorum in the Senate and the Assembly, it diplomatically means that there was a coup (…). We all know where did we see Jeanine Áñez as president, who puts the presidential sash on her? A military man, military in war suit. It is the best evidence of the coup, ”he said.
Defense Minister Edmundo Novillo said the GIEI report confirmed that Jeanine Áñez took de facto power in November 2019.
“This is the way to de facto take power and usurp functions. So today there is no doubt that this government is not a constitutional or lawful government, ”he said.
On the day the report was presented, President Luis Arce said that Áñez carried out a “coup d’état” in November 2019.