This Tuesday, more than 500 indigenous people installed the road blockade between San Ignacio and San Borja in Beni and called on the state to heed an eight-point declaration.
“All of these just and legitimate demands must be met as soon as possible, and we will not rest until each of them is addressed. The problem of one territory is the problem of all territories, ”says the mobilized document.
The blockade began this Sunday afternoon after a march to commemorate the 31-year Indigenous People’s March for Territory and Dignity in the community of Puerto San Borja.
The mobilization arises from the call of the Multiethnic Indigenous Territory (TIM I) to the state authorities to make their autonomy process sustainable. There were also the Mojeño Ignaciano Indigenous Territory (TIMI), the Central Río Cercado Mamoré, the Bella Selva Community Subcentral, the Movima Indigenous People Subcentral (SPIM), the Movima Women’s Subcentral (SMIM), the Indigenous Central of Indigenous Communities of Lomerío (CICOL) ) of Santa Cruz, the Great Indigenous Council of San Ignacio de Mojos, the sub-center of the Indigenous Territory and Isiboro Sécure National Park (TIPNIS), the indigenous territory of the Cavineña Nation, the Chimán Indigenous Territory (TICH), which added to the platform others Demands related to: rights and political representation, land and territory, the repeal of the Beni Land Use Plan (PLUS), the defense of TIPNIS, public works and access to basic services, and the fulfillment of their rights in access to health and education.
With regard to the autonomy and self-government of indigenous peoples, the mobilized indigenous peoples are calling for the Framework Law on Autonomy and Decentralization to be amended to allow their autonomous governments to exercise; the recognition of the OEP for the approval of the autonomous statute of the Monkoxi de Lomerío Nation (Santa Cruz) in December 2020, the establishment of an intergovernmental commission for the participation of indigenous peoples in the establishment of a new administrative law Plurinational and Intercultural Public, the amendment of the jurisdiction delimitation law and the return of the POA of the parishes TIM I and TIMI.
Regarding the recognition of the existence of indigenous peoples, the application calls for the creation of a census map that includes the communities of the 242 nationally recognized indigenous areas and the 58 of the Bolivian lowlands, in addition to including the consultation on ethnic identification in the ballot of the census planned for 2022 other.
In the demands for rights and political representation, the indigenous people are calling for the electoral law to be changed, with the imposition of sanctions on the authorities who do not respect the election of deputy mayors and indigenous representatives and the recognition of their own norms and procedures, including when exercising them public functions.
The fourth point of the platform calls for the solution of the pending agricultural conflicts, the transfer of the executive title and the culmination of the pending agricultural processes of the territories; and the fifth relates to the repeal of the PLUS Beni and calls for the participation of indigenous peoples in the construction of a new standard, while respecting their rights to participation and prior, free and informed consultation; and in the sixth they ratify the defense of TIPNIS and its decision not to allow the construction of the Villa Tunari – San Ignacio de Mojos motorway and the eviction of tyrants, the revival of joint management with SERNAP.
While points seven and eight of the platform require basic infrastructure and drinking water, compliance with obligations relating to road connections between communities, electrification, housing and infrastructure, and access to health and educational rights.