Human Rights Watch (HRW) executive director José Miguel Vivanco reiterated that arbitrariness is allowed in Bolivia because of the “broad and vague” criminal definition of the crime of terrorism.
“Bolivia: The criminal definition of“ terrorism ”is so broad and vague that it can be arbitrarily used against political rivals. The UN Committee against Torture joins the chorus of independent voices, including HRW, and calls for a reform of the definition to prevent abuse, ”wrote Vivanco on his Twitter account.
Bolivia: The criminal definition of “terrorism” is so broad and vague that it can be arbitrarily used against political rivals.
– José Miguel Vivanco (@JMVivancoHRW) November 26, 2021
Yesterday, the rapporteur of the Committee against Torture (CAT), Chair Heller, expressed concern over the allegations of sedition and terrorism against former President Jeanine Áñez.
He said that these criminal types are “vague and abstract” in Bolivian law and “do not conform to the principle of legality”.
Article 135 of the Criminal Code defines the undermining of the constitutional order as a crime of terrorism, and Article 123 understands the disturbance or disturbance of public order in any way as sedition.
In March, when the ex-president was arrested, Vivanco pointed out that “the arrest warrants against Áñez and his ministers – like that of Evo Morales in 2020 – appoint the ambiguous figure of” terrorism “,” which is arbitrary ” and recalled “In 2020 we will demand that the charges against Morales be dropped for the same reason.”