Text and photos: Juan José Toro
Although this secrecy violates the Political Constitution of the State (CPE), access to the database of the Citizens Register Service (Serecí) is blocked by several computer locks. The last one was published on June 1 of this year through a mere notification by email sent to all Serecí department heads by the head of biometric procedures of the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE), David Esaú Dávila Chapana.
Excessive care isn’t new, as it dates back to 2016, shortly after the scandal surrounding the alleged son that then-President Evo Morales is said to have had with Gabriela Zapata.
According to paragraph I of article 70 of Law 018, the Serecí is the public body responsible for “the organization and management of the register of natural persons in relation to first and last names, their marital status, parentage, birth, life events and” death … ” This register was by its nature intended to be open to the public as this is what the CPE provides, but it began to close in 2016, coinciding with the alleged son scandal.
That year, a journalist, Carlos Valverde, showed a birth certificate attesting the existence of a male who had registered with the Serecí under the name Ernesto Fidel Morales Zapata.
What is special about this record is that the names of the parents of this alleged person were Juan Evo Morales Ayma and Gabriela Geraldine Zapata Montaño. He was the president and the commercial director for Bolivia of the Chinese company CAMC Engering Co. Ltda., To which public contracts were awarded for amounts of over 500 million dollars.
Valverde released even more important information: Zapata was a partner with Evo Morales, a fact the then head of state partially admitted, as he said they had been in a relationship in the past but denied the existence of a son.
The effects of Valverde’s revelations are well known. Zapata is currently in Obrajes prison and the son’s existence has been systematically denied. One more thing: The registration certificate for the birth of the alleged son has disappeared.
The detail is that there was a departure and I was able to take a picture of it.
Book 42 covered the year 2007 by the Cochabamba Cochabamba Collective Office of Citizens Register No. 15. On June 18 of that year, Item No. 51 was issued, confirming the existence of a male child, allegedly by Juan Evo Morales Ayma. was conceived and Gabriela Geraldine Zapata Montaño.
According to what can be read in this entry, the child was born on April 30, 2007 at 11.30 a.m. in La Paz, Murillo province of the department of the same name. I do not know the reasons for his registration at Cochabamba, but I do know that officer Ivette Gonzalez registered Egüez based on a medical certificate issued by doctor Verónica Bustillos Riveros for live births.
At the time of the controversy, this last certificate was said to be false, but other than that, two witnesses of the birth are recorded, José Silvio García Soria, with ID 3007136, and Javier Escalera Calizaya, with document 4465168. Yes, in fact the child was never born and registered with a false live birth certificate, these two people would have to be prosecuted for false testimony.
As in the case of marriage, death or recognition of children, a birth certificate attests to a fact of civil life, in this case the birth, which represents the beginning of life; that is, the existence of a person.
In order to cancel a birth certificate, it is necessary to prove that it was issued with defects of nullity, but if the non-existence of a person is to be proven, the certificate that proves it must be presented; that is, death.
A birth certificate is valid, but shows the legal existence of a person. The game’s reputation in the Serecí database is evidence that it existed, corroborated by the photos taken of the document while it was available.
Instructions by email
The handling of Serecí’s data has changed since the scandal surrounding the alleged son. Now you will no longer be able to check the system as before, as all receipts will be controlled.
The last lock was closed on June 1st with an instruction emailed by the Head of Biometric Processes of the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE), David Esaú Dávila Chapana, to all department heads of Serecí.
This instruction, known as an “application”, stipulates that all Serecí officials complete an Excel file each time they search the system. In this way it is now possible to know who entered the database at what time, what they were looking for, why, for what and to whom they passed information.
The instruction states that “in support of this proposal, Law 018 – On the plurinational electoral body, Article 72.- (Obligations)” is mentioned.
This article sets out three obligations:
“1. Full respect for the right to privacy and identity of persons and the other rights arising from their registration.
“two. Ensuring the privacy and confidentiality of the registered data of the persons.
“3. Ensuring the security and integrity of all registered information”.
However, Article 21 (6) of the CPE states that Bolivian women and men have the right “to access, interpret, analyze and communicate freely, individually or collectively,” while Article 24 states that “any person who You have the right ”. individually or collectively, whether verbally or in writing, and receive a formal and quick answer. No requirement other than identification of the petitioner is required for the exercise of this right.