The Movement Towards Socialism (MAS) created parallel leaderships in at least a number of social organizations, citizens’ committees, and other organizations. Opponents and human rights activists affirm that it is a common practice for the ruling party to control parts of the country.
The Permanent Assembly of Human Rights of Bolivia (APDHB) is the last institution trying to consolidate the institutional parallelism of the sectors linked to the political instrument. On Friday, at a meeting in the Federation of Mining Workers of Bolivia (FSTMB), a parallel board was formed under the leadership of Édgar Salazar, identified as a MAS fighter.
“The Permanent Human Rights Assembly elected its new board, I was honored and elected President of this institution. This meeting was attended by departmental assemblies and representatives of the country’s social organizations,” said Salazar.
On the same day in Santa Cruz an attempt was made to found the Popular Civic Committee, which is promoted by sectors that sympathize with the ruling party. In the opinion of the opponents, the MAS promotes the ignorance of the committee for Santa Cruz, one of the strongest opponents of the ruling party.
In this context, the Vice-President of the Permanent Human Rights Assembly of La Paz, Wilfredo Pomar, warned that the MAS has a very special way of working, which consists in creating parallel leadership and taking over institutions that do not agree with its policies. the government.
“The action that Luis Arce and David Choquehuanca are taking is to give continuity to what Evo Morales has done during the 14 year reign: to take any institution that is rebellious. They have already done it with Cidob, with Conamaq and they tried it with Adepcoca but it failed, ”said the activists.
On the other hand, the interim president of the Potosinist Citizens ‘Committee (Comcipo), Roxana Graz, warned that the government is promoting the persecution of the citizens’ leaders of this region in order to control this institution.
However, the attempt to take over this institution dates back to 2012, when the ruling party mobilized its supporters to form a Committee for Citizens Integration of Potosí, with the aim of minimizing Compipo’s actions.
The representative of the Civic Community (CC) Alejandro Reyes reminded that another institution that was intervened by the MAS was the ombudsman because its interim chief Nadia Cruz defends the interests of the ruling party. In addition, he warned that no change was intended as the request to choose a holder had not progressed so far.
Since 2017, after the break with the government due to the general coca law, the departmental association of coca producers (Adepcoca) of La Paz was also affected by the parallel tours. In July of that year, a group of coca farmers elected Elena Flores as president of the organization, identified as a MAS sympathizer, and the National Confederation of Producers with a Detail Folder (Conalprodc) was even formed.
In July of that year, another leadership appeared at the helm of Arnold Alanes, who received the support of Government Minister Eduardo del Castillo. It even forcibly took the facilities of Villa Fátima’s coca market. However, that fact failed when the affiliates took over their building.
Like these organizations, the MAS has intervened since 2011 with the Confederation of Indigenous Peoples of Bolivia (Cidob), the Council of Ayllus and Marqas del Qullasuyo (Conamaq), the Federation of Mining Cooperatives (Fencomin), the citizens’ committees of La Paz, Tarija, Oruro, Cochabamba and Chuquisaca, the civic leadership of Achacachi and the Red Ponchos, the federations of neighborhood councils (from several cities).
The communities of the indigenous territory and the Isiboro Sécure National Park were divided during the development of the previous free and informed government consultation; he also founded popular city citizens ‘committees to respond to citizens’ committees.
The first organization that was affected by the formation of a parallel tour was the Federation of Indigenous Peoples of Bolivia (Cidob) after the 2011 march against the construction of the highway through the Tipnis and the violence of Chaparina.
On this occasion the government moved away from the leadership of Adolfo Chavez and created its own directive under the leadership of Melva Hurtado. Then it was the turn of the council of Ayllus and Marqas del Qullasuyo (Conamaq), who fought with the government between 2012 and 2014 over control of the offices and political disagreements.