Amnesty decree is partially repealed by GIEI report

Justice Minister Iván Lima reported yesterday that President Luis Arce will partially revoke the decree of amnesty and pardon for the “persecuted” politicians in Jeanine Áñez’s government after he was observed by the GIEI in his report on the 2019 crisis in Bolivia.

Supreme Decree 4461, which shielded people related to the MAS from trials for the violence of 2019, has been challenged by the IACHR’s Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) because it could protect perpetrators of serious human rights violations.

The minister told the state media that the decree will be repealed in the parts recommended by the GIEI, not all. He announced that he expects a proposal to be sent to the Plurinational Legislative Assembly this week.

The GIEI heeded the amnesty and pardon decree because it “can negatively affect the establishment of the truth and the promotion of justice”.

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In addition, he stated in his report: “A person who has committed grave human rights violations may be subjected to a process that violates their constitutional guarantees. According to the wording of the Supreme Decree, said perpetrator would now be potentially protected by the amnesty.

President Luis Arce announced his decision to repeal the decree on the day he received the GIEI report, but yesterday the minister stated that this will not be complete but only as recommended in the document.

The majority of MAS legislators approved the decree last February, which will benefit around 1,000 people prosecuted during Jeanine Áñez’s government. Then the opposition questioned former President Evo Morales and his staff’s preference for their involvement in the 2019 crisis amid the election fraud lawsuit.

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The Plurinational Victim Assistance Service (Sepdavi) is preparing the census of victims of acts of violence and massacres in 2019.

The Justice Minister said Sepdavi is helping poor people.

The GIEI recommended working to redress victims of the violence and massacre in 2019. It has now identified 38 deceased, some in Huayllani in Sacaba and another in Senkata in El Alto.

Minister Lima affirmed that the 38 Bolivians who lost their lives in 2019 were “a reason of state for President Luis Arce”. In order to identify those most affected, a major repair is being carried out, according to the census.


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